Table of contents
1.Tracing the roots of Kho-Kho
2.History of Kho-Kho
3.Common terms in Kho-Kho
4. Area of play
5.Rule book
6.How to play kho-kho
7.Duties of Defender
8.Duties of chaser
9. Skill Required in kho-kho
10.Kho-kho Tournaments
11.Kho-Kho Award

Kho-Kho is the traditional sports in the country.Fact about the this game is: The position of the players sitting is random or in alternative directions.The game requires immense stamina and speed.

           Tracing the roots of Kho Kho

Kho Kho is a tag game of our country. Its roots are old as epic Mahabatrat.The game during old-age times involved ‘raths’and charoits and was named as Rathera.

                      History of Kho Kho

The Asian kho kho federation first came into existance in 1987 at the time of third SAF Games in India.This game gained international credit with first Asian kho ho championship which was organised in Kolkata in 1996. Next championship was hld in 2000 which added shine to the game.Most of countries participate in kho-kho championship such as Pakistan,Bangladesh,Nepal, Sri Lanka and Maldives.

           Common terms in Kho Kho

Pole: A wooden cylindrical construction,erected firlmy at both sides of grpound.

Chaser:The sitting team who tries to catch opponent team members who is running.
Chaser always sit in the square box and distance between all boxes is 1 meter.

Runner:The player of opposition who saves himself from being catch by chaser.

Central lane : Two parallel lines from one pole to other.

Cross lane : The parallel lanes cutting central line at the middle of playing area.

Kho: The word Kho is actually as given by one chaser to another.

              Area of play

Taking dimension ,the playground of Kho Kho is about 29 meters long and 16 meters wide.It is in rectangular form.
At the each side of rectangle it has two areas measuring about 16 meters and 2.75 meters in width. There are 8 parallel lines between these two wooden pillar .Kho Kho ground consist 2 poles and a free zone in which chaser can move in any direction and cath  runner. It is a benificial point for chesser.

                 Rule book

Each team consist 12 players in which 9 are playing players and otrher 3 players is extra player. I n case of emergency player can be replaced.

Each inning will have 9 minutes which includes both running and chasing.
The chasing team sits in middle of the court in a row.Each player sit in alternative direction.

The chaser will touch the nearest possible player on his/her back and say ‘Kho’ to give him a chance to chase.
Team that takes the shortest amount of time to touch player chasd is announced as a winner

             How to play Kho Kho

.Both team consists 9 players, before

Kho-Kho match

start of game both team caption will have a toss, toss winning caption will choose either they will do running or chasing .
If winnig team decides to chase they set up 8 members team to chase opposite team in the fixed time of match.
There will be two innings provided for all teams.

            Duties of Defender

Defender must be quick.Defender team should highly possess qualities that is stamina and speed.They should have suficient ammount of stamina to protect themselves to being catch by chaser

             Duties of Chaser

Chasers are the opposition of Defender. Those aim to catch or touch the defender.Chasers have moto to catch runner as soon as they can do, maximun cathch of runner helps them in next inning as bonus points.

            Skills Required in Kho Kho

Judgement of direction is one of the most important skill which should be in all players of team.Skill proves that how fast you can decide in which directon they have to move.You must be responsible with your teammates.

                        National Championships

The national championship for kho kho is the oldest Domestic Kho Kho tournaments in India .The Championship happens at three different categories -senior,junior and sub-junior.

                     National Women Championship

The national championship for womens firstly held in Kolhapur,Maharashtra backk in 1961.The tournaments also follows the league cum knockout format and there are 8 zones.

                       School Championships

The school champonships with the popularity of others sports increasing day by day. KKFI (The KHO KHO FEDRATION OF INDIA) needs to promote the sports of kho ho at school level . Categories of that event is U-14 U-17 and U-19 for both boys and girls .

                     AWARDS FOR KHO-KHO

JANAKI AWARD:Kho-kho Awards for girls players under age of 18.This award for outstanding performance.

ABHIMANYU AWARDS: Kho-kho boys player under age of 18 is hounered by Veer Abhimanyu Award for extraordinary performance.

ARJUN AWARDS:Arjun awars for those who have outstanding achievements in Kho-Kho Nartional sports.

Lionel Messi Biography (1987–)

Lionel Messi is a soccer player with FC Barcelona and the Argentina national team . He has established records for goals scored and won individual awards.

Who Is Lionel Messi?

Luis Lionel Andres (“Leo”) Messi is an Argentinian soccer player who plays forward for the FC Barcelona club and the Argentina national team.

Early Life

Messi was born on June 24, 1987, in Rosario, Argentina . At the age of 8, he was recruited to join the youth system of Newell’s Old Boys, a Rosario-based club . Messi was eventually diagnosed by doctors as suffering from a hormone deficiency .  That restricted his growth .  At the age of 13, when Messi was offered the chance to train at soccer powerhouse FC Barcelona’s youth academy.Messi’s family picked up and moved across the Atlantic to make a new home in Spain.

Ultimately, Messi’s short stature (5 feet, 7 inches), combined with his speed and relentless attacking style, has drawn comparisons to another famous Argentinian footballer, Diego Maradona.

Lionel Messi’s Soccer Career and Teams

Messi has only played for FC Barcelona where he first signed at age 13 . He also plays for the Argentina national team . By the age of 16, Messi made his first appearance for the FC Barcelona . He put himself in the record books on May 1, 2005, as the youngest player to ever score a goal for the franchise . putting himself in the record books on May 1, 2005, as the youngest player to ever score a goal for the franchise  .That same year ,he led Argentina to the title in the under-20 world cup.


By the end of 2012,] had accumulated an astounding 91 goals in club and international play, eclipsing the 85 netted in a single calendar year by Gerd Muller in 1972 . He broke another record when he was named the FIFA Ballon d’Or winner for the fourth time in January 2013.

. He was honored with his fifth FIFA Ballon d’Or trophy . Four years later, following another La Liga title, Messi again established a new standard for excellence by claiming his sixth Ballon d’Or.


Lionel Messi’s Stats 

As of August 2019, Messi’s all-time highlights for FC Barcelona:

Appearances: 687
Goals: 603
Assists: 251
Shot accuracy: 48 percent
Chances created: 348

Lionel Messi’s Contract and Salary

In 2017, Messi signed a new contract with FC Barcelona through the 2020-21 season and he received a $59.6 million signing bonus  according to Forbes . He earns $667,000 per week, for over $80 million annually . Messi’s buyout clause set at $835 million (€700 million).

Wife and Sons

On June 30, 2017, Messi married Antonella Roccuzzo who ids his longtime girlfriend and the cousin of his best friend and fellow soccer player Lucas Scaglia and Thiago, born in November 2012 and Mateo, born in September 2015 and Ciro, born in March 2018.

Why Ambati Rayudu announces retirement from all forms of cricket?

Know the real truth why Rayudu announces retirement from cricket .

Middle order batsman Ambati Rayudu was not included in 15 members squad for ongoing world cup 2019.He was not selected in squad after Sikhar Dhawan and Vijay Shankar injuries, instead of him Rishav Pant and Mayank Agrawal was selected as their replacement.After this Rayudu tweet to BCCI which make bad impression. Rayudu tweet to BCCI. Rayudu tweet to BCCI that JUST ORDERED  NEW SET OF 3D GLASS TO WATCH THE WORLD CUP.


Career batting statistics
Right handed batsman
one day match
124 *
T20 International
100 *
First class
List a
124 *
100 *

Ambati Rayudu will be remembered in the cricket world . A player rich in versatility who lost on the field of politics, not sports. Rayudu did not blame to anyone  for his retirement in the mail to BCCI . Ambati Rayudu , who is known as his tempramental personality said goodbye to cricket world. He was selected in 2015 worldcup squad , but he did not get the chance to play even in a match.Finally when the dam patience broke, he announced his retirement on 3 july 2019 .  Although he will continue IPL.

Virat Kohli wrote on twitter wishing Rayudu

‘Good luck ahead. You are a top level player.

According to BCCI statement, Raydu  wrote in a  letter to the board

“I have decided to retire from all forms of cricket.”

” It has been a great time  for me. And i have learned a lot from the ups and downs in my career in the last 25 years.

He thanked to BCCI and all state association to that gave him opportunity to play.He included names of Hyderabad, Baroda, Andhra Pradesh and Vidarbha.

BCCI has also congratulated Rayudu for the future.